What is a cookie?
A cookie is a harmless text file that is stored in your browser when you visit almost any web page. The value of the cookie is that the web is able to remember your visit when you go back to navigate that page. Although many people don’t know, cookies have been in use for over 20 years, when the first browsers appeared for the World Wide Web.
What is NOT a cookie?
It is not a virus or a Trojan, a worm, spam or spyware, nor will it open a windows pop up.
What information does a cookie store?
Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about you, such as credit cards or bank details, photographs, your ID or personal information, etc. Data that are technical, personal preferences, personalization of contents, etc.
The web server does not associate you as a person but rather to your web browser. In fact, if you usually browse with Internet Explorer and try to browse the web with Firefox or Chrome you will see that the web does not see you as the same person since it is actually associating with the browser, not to the person.
What kind of cookies are there?
- Technical cookies: They are the most basic and allow, among other things, to know when a human or an automated application is browsing, when a user navigates as anonymous or registered, basic tasks for the operation of any dynamic web.
- Cookies of analysis: These collect information about the type of navigation being done, the sections most used, consulted products, time of use, language, etc.
- Advertising cookies: Show advertising depending on your navigation, their country of origin, language, etc.
What are own cookies and third-party cookies?
Own cookies are those generated by the page you are visiting and the third-party ones are those generated by services or third party providers like Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if I disable cookies?
So you understand the consequences you may have if you disable the cookies, here are a few examples:
- You won’t be able to share content of this site on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The web site will not be able to adapt the content to your personal preferences, as often happens in online stores.
- You will not be able to access the personal area of this website, such as for example My account, or My profile or My orders.
- Online shops: It will be impossible to make purchases on-line, they will have to be by telephone or by visiting the physical store if it exists.
- It will not be possible to customize your geographic, time-zone, currency or language preferences.
- The web site will not be able to undertake web analytics about visitors and traffic on the web, making it difficult to be competitive.
- You will not be able to write on the blog, nor upload photos, post comments, evaluate nor rate content. The web will not know if you are a human or an automated application that publishes spam.
- It will not be possible to display zoned advertising, which will reduce the advertising revenue from the website.
Can I delete cookies?
Yes. Not only delete, but also block in a general or specific way for a specific domain.
To remove cookies from a site you must go to your browser settings and find those associated to the domain in question and proceed with their disposal.
Configuration of cookies for the most popular browsers
Below we indicate how to access a specific cookie from the Chrome browser. Note: these steps may vary depending on the version of the browser:
- Go to Settings or Preferences by using the file menu either by clicking the icon customization listed at the top to the right.
- You will see different sections; click the Show advanced options option.
- Go to Privacy, Content settings.
- Select All cookies and data sites.
- A list will be shown with all the cookies sorted by domain. To make it easier to find a particular domain cookie enter partially or completely the address in the field search for cookies.
- After doing this filter, one or several lines with the requested web cookies will be displayed. Now you just have to select it and press X to proceed with their elimination.
To access the configuration of cookies from the Internet Explorer browser follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Tools, Internet Options
- Click on Privacy.
- Move the slider to adjust the level of privacy you want.
To access the configuration of cookies from the Firefox browser follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to options or preferences according to your operating system.
- Click on Privacy.
- In History choose Use custom configuration for search history.
- You will now see the option Accept cookies, you can enable or disable it according to your preferences.
To access the configuration of cookies from the Safari for OSX browser follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
- Here you will see the option Block cookies to make it fit the type of block that you want to perform.
To access the configuration of cookies from the Safari for iOS browser follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Settings, then Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security, you will see the option Block cookies to make it fit the block type that you want to perform.
To access the configuration of cookies from Android browsers follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Run the browser and press the Menu key, then settings.
- Go to Security and Privacy, you will see the option Accept cookies. Select or clear the check box.
To access the configuration of cookies from Windows phone browsers follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Settings
- You can now enable or disable the Allow cookies check box.